What is Social Inclusion? Social inclusion is the prioritisation of the needs of marginalised groups and those living in poverty - by state bodies and by national legislation in particular- to ensure that the life outcomes of these groups are equal to those of the rest of the population, and ultimately, to prevent, reduce and eliminate poverty. These groups should also be given meaningful participation in the decision-making processes and structures which affect their lives.
Marginalised Groups: Travellers; One-parent families; People with disabilities; Long term unemployed; Early school leavers; Migrants/minorities/refugees/asylum seekers; Homeless; Women; Substance mis-users; Ex-prisoners/offenders; Unskilled/ Semi-skilled/those with low educational attainment; Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/ Transgender community; Children; Young People; Older People; Rurally isolated/Small farm-holders; Large Families; Marginalised men; Family Carers; Low income Households.
Social Inclusion Issues: Unemployment, Physical health, Mental health, Housing, Literacy & Numeracy, Education, Childcare, Social welfare payments/poverty trap, Accessibility issues (hard and soft), Transport, Social isolation (in both rural and urban areas), Racism, Security/crime/Intimidation, Drug misuse, Discrimination on religious or cultural grounds, sexism, food poverty, fuel poverty, human rights/equality issues.
What is Poverty?
There are two key measurements of poverty.
(i) Relative Poverty: This refers to lack of Income
(ii) Consistent Poverty: This refers to lack of income coupled with severe material deprivation due to lack of income
What is Marginalisation?
Groups or Individuals experiencing the following:
- Unacceptably low standard of living
- Excluded from activities considered the ‘norm’ in society